Philip Kotler, born May 27, 1931 in Chicago, is the S.C. Johnson & Son Distinguished Professor of International Marketing at the Kellogg Graduate School of Management at Northwestern University in Chicago.
He received his Masters degree at the University of Chicago and his Ph.D. at MIT, both in economics.
He did postdoctoral work in mathematics at Harvard University and in behavioural science at the University of Chicago.
He is hailed by Management Centre Europe as "the world's foremost expert on the strategic practice of marketing."
Dr. Kotler is known to many as the author of what is widely recognized as the most authoritative textbook on marketing: Marketing Management, now in its 13th edition. He has also authored or co-authored dozens of leading books on marketing.
In addition, Dr. Kotler has published more than one hundred articles in leading journals, including the Harvard Business Review, Sloan management Review, Business Horizons, California Management Review, and the Journal of Marketing.
In the world of marketing, he is known as, "The Father of Modern Marketing."
Some Quotes On Marketing Management From Dr. Kotler:
What Is Marketing?
Marketing is the science and art of exploring, creating, and delivering value to satisfy the needs of a target market at a profit. Marketing identifies unfulfilled needs and desires. It defines, measures and quantifies the size of the identified market and the profit potential. It pinpoints which segments the company is capable of serving best and it designs and promotes the appropriate products and services.
Marketing Vs. Selling
Marketing is too often confused with selling. Selling is only the tip of the marketing iceberg. What is unseen is the extensive market investigation, the research and development of appropriate products, the challenge of pricing them right, of opening up distribution, and of letting the market know about the product. Thus, Marketing is a far more comprehensive process than selling.
Marketing and selling are almost opposites. Hard sell marketing is a contradiction. Long ago I said: "Marketing is not the art of finding clever ways to dispose of what you make. Marketing is the art of creating genuine customer value. It is the art of helping your customers become better off. The marketer's watchwords are quality, service, and value."
Selling starts only when you have a product. Marketing starts before there is a product. Marketing is the homework the company does to figure out what people need and what the company should make. Marketing determines how to launch, price, distribute and promote the product/service offering in the marketplace. Marketing then monitors the results and improves the offering over time. Marketing also decides when to end the offering.
All said, marketing is not a short-term selling effort but a long-term investment effort. When marketing is done well, it occurs before the company makes any product or enters any market; and it continues long after the sale.
The economic landscape has been fundamentally altered by technology and globalization. Companies anywhere can now compete anywhere, thanks to the Internet and more free trade.
The Science Behind Marketing
But science is also important to marketing. Marketers produce interesting findings through marketing research, market modeling, and predictive analytics. Marketers are using marketing models to make decisions and guide their investments. They are developing marketing metrics to indicate the impact of their activities on sales and profits.
I would not say that marketing is more of an art, a craft or a science but rather that it has all these elements operating.
Companies must pay attention to the fact that customers are getting more educated and have better tools such as the Internet at their disposal to buy with more discrimination. Power has been passing from the manufacturer to the distributor, and now is passing to the customer. The customer is King.